Fairn et al. 194 (2): 257



Phosphatidylserine (PS) plays a central role in cell signaling and in the biosynthesis of other lipids. To date, however, the subcellular distribution and transmembrane topology of this crucial phospholipid remain ill-defined. We transfected cells with a GFP-tagged C2 domain of lactadherin to detect by light and electron microscopy PS exposed on the cytosolic leaflet of the plasmalemma and organellar membranes. Cytoplasmically exposed PS was found to be clustered on the plasma membrane, and to be associated with caveolae, the trans-Golgi network, and endocytic organelles including intraluminal vesicles of multivesicular endosomes. This labeling pattern was compared with the total cellular distribution of PS as visualized using a novel on-section technique. These complementary methods revealed PS in the interior of the ER, Golgi complex, and mitochondria. These results indicate that PS in the lumenal monolayer of the ER and Golgi complex becomes exposed cytosolically at the trans-Golgi network. Transmembrane flipping of PS may contribute to the exit of cargo from the Golgi complex.

View our supply of antibodies used in nuclear envelope research here.

Published July 11, 2011 // JCB vol. 194 no. 1 89-103
The Rockefeller University Press, doi: 10.1083/jcb.201011118

This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike–No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.rupress.org/terms). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported license, as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/).

To view original abstract click here